Oxygen Regulators how they work and how to attach them to an oxygen tank.
Oxygen regulators will allow you to adjust your liter flow from 1-25 liters per minute depending on the liter flow you are prescribed the model regulator you are using. There is pediatric oxygen regulators for those that need 1/32 liter flow and smaller increments. Most people on home oxygen use a oxygen regulator with 0-8 or 0-15LPM capabilities. Most emergency personnel use the 0-25LPM oxygen regulators so they can have the high liter flow for giving patients higher flows in emergency situations. An oxygen regulator is just that; it regulates the flow of the oxygen from the tank in order to administer the correct dose of oxygen to the patient.
There are two types of Oxygen Regulators:
1.)Continuous flow oxygen regulators: These regulators attach to the top of your oxygen tank and have a dial that allows the patient to adjust their liter flow. These oxygen regulators only provide continuous flow settings so they will bleed and empty your oxygen tank fairly quickly depending on how high your flow setting is and how often you use your oxygen tank. These oxygen regulators usually start around $30 and go up to $60. See models below:
Medline small tank oxygen regulatorHCS8708M - HCS8715M - HCS8725M
Medline oxygen regulators use an advanced, patented Intelliflo disc to regulate oxygen with very tight tolerances. Featuring a brass core for maximum safety and permanent laser etchings on knob and body that won't peel, flake or wear off.
Invacare Oxygen Regulator 0-8LPMIRC2020
INVACARE PISTON REGULATORS Invacare offers the right selection of regulator models, sizes, and styles. Plus, the 5-year warranty assures years of accurate, trouble-free service. Flow Settings: 0, 1/2, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Invacare Oxygen Regulator 0-15LPMIRC2025
The oxygen regulator is designed to be used with high pressure oxygen systems. It consists of a cylinder connection, cylinder contents gauge (if equipped), high to low pressure regulator, orifice plate and a conserving demand module. Flow Settings: 0, 1/2, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 15
Invacare Pediatric Oxygen RegulatorIRC2002
*In pediatric increments. Flow Settings: 0, 1/32, 1/16, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4
Invacare Piston RegulatorIRC2121
The regulator reduces the high pressure of the cylinder to the working pressure of the orifice plate. Flow Settings: 0, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6
2.) Oxygen Conserving Regulators: Oxygen conserver regulators attach to the top of your tank and come in two styles. Either a pneumatic conserver which works off the air pressure or battery operated oxygen conserver. The conserving regulators usually help your oxygen tank last about 5 times as long as with a continuous oxygen regulator at the same flow rate. How they work is they give a pulse dose of oxygen to the patient when the patient breathes and causes back pressure in the oxygen tubing which will trigger the regulator to give a breath. The oxygen conservering regulators only put out oxygen when they are triggered by the patient. The cons with these types of regulators is that if the patient is either a mouth breather or does not breathe deep enough it will not trigger the pulse dose regulator to give the patient a dose of oxygen. Most oxygen conserving regulators are sensitive enough to work with most patients but there are situations where the patient will require a continuous flow regulator. Most all of the oxygen conserver regulators on the market also have a continuous flow option of around 2LPM if needed. The most popular oxygen conserving device regulators on the market are made by devilbiss and by precision medical. See models below:
Invacare Element Pneumatic Oxygen ConserverIOC100P
No batteries required. Single selector knob controls ON/OFF, liter flow and continuous flow mode. Senses a breath and delivers an oxygen bolus in first third of the inspiratory cycle. Delivers consistent volume of oxygen with each breath - up to 40 breaths per minute.
Medline Econo2mizer Oxygen Conserving DeviceHCS02CONS
Unlike the rubber type diaphragms found on competitive models, the EconO2Mizer is outfitted with a new, patented brass diaphragm for increased reliability and superior performance. Also new is the easy-off tri-handle, making removal and assembly for geriatric patients so much easier.
Evolution Electronic Oxygen Tank ConserverOM-900
The Evolution OM-900 is an efficient electronic oxygen conserver perfectly suited for those patients whose inhalation cycle may not trigger normal pneumatic conservers. Running on just 2 AA batteries, the OM-900 delivers a 5:1 savings ratio at every flow rate setting!
Devilbiss PD1000 Compact Oxygen Tank Conserving DevicePD1000
DeVilbiss PulseDose oxygen conserving technology has been on the leading edge of ambulatory oxygen therapy. Unlike other systems that simply limit the flow of oxygen, PulseDose delivers a consistent dose of oxygen at the very moment it is most beneficial on the leading edge of inspiration.
Precision Medical Easy Pulse 5 Oxygen Regulator Conserving Device198705
The only pneumatic conserving device that delivers a pulse comparable to an electronic conserver. Very compact and lightweight with an average conserving ratio of 5:1 makes it one of the most efficient oxygen conserving regulators.
Inovo Single Lumen Pneumatic Oxygen ConserverIO-1LC
This lightweight and compact unit features the most conserving and continuous settings in the industry. Its single lumen pulsing operation makes it the quietest and most accurate conserver on the market with a conserving ratio of 5:1.
Portable oxygen tank sizes range from 10"-36" tall, any size aluminum oxygen tank that is portable (B, M6, C, D, & E) will use the same regulator. Oxygen tank regulators have different colors and sizes but attach the same way; all sizes of oxygen tanks have the same valve on the top which has a small tab or toggle at the top. All oxygen tank regulators have a small gauge that will read up to 3,000lbs. A tank that is completely full of oxygen and is considered safe will only read up to 2200lbs, so do not be alarmed if your tank gauge does not read the tank is full.
To attach an oxygen regulator to an oxygen cylinder:
- Loosen the set screw all the way
- Line up the two pins inside the regulator with the small holes on the valve at the top of the oxygen cylinder.
- Let it drop all the way down.
- Slowly move the regulator up until the pins fall into the two small holes on the valve.
Tighten the setscrew until it cannot move but be sure not to over tighten the setscrew (the regulator has a small rubber gasket inside of it to secure the seal and prevent oxygen from leaking).
- After you have established a good seal you should be able to open the valve on the top of the cylinder and set the flow on the regulator and attach a nasal cannula or oxygen mask.